Caribbean Political Economy

Lessons from the Struggle for a New International Technology Order

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Edited text of the Second Annual Surendra Patel Lecture on Development delivered at St. Mary’s University,,   N.S. (Canada) on November 4, 2005. Reviews the work of Patel as a pioneer in research on technology transfer,   at UNCTAD,   in the 1970s and as a tireless campaigner for an International Code of Conduct on the Transfer of Technology. That effort proved futile and was eventually overtaken by the TRIPS agreement under the WTO. Developing countries have since discovered many flaws,   in the TRIPS agreement from a developmental standpoint,   and the principles that were embodied in Patel’s draft Code on technology remain relevant. Lessons can be drawn from the shortcomings in the bargaining strategies of developing countries in the run-up to the WTO Marrakesh agreement.
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Tricks and TRIPS: Foreign Investment and Knowledge Transfer Revisited

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Sir Arthur Lewis Memorial Lecture, Castries, St. Lucia, January 2002.

Revisits Sir Arthur Lewis’s views on foreign investment and technology transfer propounded in his celebrated 1950 article on West Indian industrialisation, in which he expressed confidence that local businessmen would learn the ‘tricks of the trade’ from foreign investors. Research undertaken n the 1970s suggests limited technological spill-overs from foreign direct investement; and the TRIPS agreement in the WTO is designed to preserve the technological advantages of transnational corporations by placing obstacles in the way of technological diffusion. Suggests lessons for the bargaining strategies of Caribbean governments and for esearch and development strategies effort of local businesses.

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