Edited text of the Second Annual Surendra Patel Lecture on Development delivered at St. Mary’s University,,   N.S. (Canada) on November 4, 2005. Reviews the work of Patel as a pioneer in research on technology transfer,   at UNCTAD,   in the 1970s and as a tireless campaigner for an International Code of Conduct on the Transfer of Technology. That effort proved futile and was eventually overtaken by the TRIPS agreement under the WTO. Developing countries have since discovered many flaws,   in the TRIPS agreement from a developmental standpoint,   and the principles that were embodied in Patel’s draft Code on technology remain relevant. Lessons can be drawn from the shortcomings in the bargaining strategies of developing countries in the run-up to the WTO Marrakesh agreement.